Strategies for Helping Students Motivate Themselves

http://www.edutopia.org/blog/strategies-helping-students-motivate-themselves-larry-ferlazzo

Autonomy

cognitive choice, is a more effective way to promote longer-lasting student autonomy. This kind of cognitive autonomy support, which is also related to the idea of ensuring relevance, could include: Problem-based learning, where small groups need to determine their own solutions to teacher-suggested and/or student-solicited issues

Students developing their own ideas for homework assignments

Students publicly sharing their different thinking processes

Teachers using thinking routines like one developed by Project Zero at Harvard and consisting of a simple formula: the teacher regularly asking, “What is going on here?” and, after a student response, continuing with, “What do you see that makes you say so?”

Competence

Feedback, done well, is ranked by education researcher John Hattie as number 10 out of 150 influences on student achievement.

ratio of positive-to-negative feedback of between 3-1 and 5-1 is necessary for healthy learning to occur,

Teachers using thinking routines like one developed by Project Zero at Harvard and consisting of a simple formula: the teacher regularly asking, “What is going on here?” and, after a student response, continuing with, “What do you see that makes you say so?”

Relatedness

A high-quality relationship with a teacher whom they respect is a key element of helping students develop intrinsic motivation.

1. Take a genuine interest in your students.

2. Act friendly in other ways.

3. Be flexible, and keep our eyes on the learning goal prize.

One of my students had never written an essay in his school career. He was intent on maintaining that record during an assignment of writing a persuasive essay about what students thought was the worst natural disaster. Because I knew two of his passions were football and video games, I told him that as long as he used the writing techniques we’d studied, he could write an essay on why his favorite football team was better than its rival or on why he particularly liked one video game. He ended up writing an essay on both topics.

4. Don’t give up on students.

Relevance

encourage students to generate their own connections and discover for themselves the relevance of course material to their lives.

Editors: 
kieran

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