Optimizing Student Learning with Online Formative Feedback

April 4, 2016

Doris Cheung


Online formative feedback using Google Forms and Sheets combined with FormMule facilitated instant data collection and structured feedback for a course at the University of Colorado Law School to optimize learning outcomes.

By giving and receiving ongoing, timely feedback, students can practice and modify their behavior during the learning experience, which stimulates motivation and deeper learning.

Adopting a low- or no-cost approach can make

Grading and formative feedback

These videos show how Cyco’s formative feedback system works. They were created for a presentation at the Lily Conference on Teaching and Learning in Traverse City, Michigan, USA, in October, 2015.

Author creating an exercise

First, an author writes an exercise. Part of that is creating rubrics.

Each rubric has three levels: good, needs work, and poor.

Four Ways to Give Good Feedback

1. Supply information about what the learner is doing, rather than simply praise or criticism.

specific information about how the learner is performing a task is much more helpful than mere praise or, especially, criticism. In particular, research by Hattie, Timperley, and others has found that feedback is most effective when it provides information on what exactly the learner is doing right, and on what he or she is doing differently (and more successfully) than in previous attempts.


The Need for a Scoreboard and for Applause

Richard Reis, email newsletter. From Creating Significant Learning Experiences, Revised and Updated: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Courses, by L. Dee Fink.

Is Praise Undermining Student Motivation?

Research has found that praise can actually undermine performance and self-esteem in many contexts.

Formative assessment: a key to deep learning?

The existing evidence supports the identification of feedback as the central component of formative assessment.

Frequent, Low-Stakes Grading: Assessment for Communication, Confidence

Simple course evaluation methods that allow you to provide students with many grades so that an individual grade doesn’t mean much.

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